Andy Warhol was an American artist who became an icon of pop art in the 1960s. He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1928, the son of a Czech immigrant, and spent his childhood in a working-class neighborhood. Warhol's father died when he was a teenager, leaving his mother to care for the family. After graduating from high school, Warhol went to New York City to work as an illustrator and designer.
In the 1950s, Warhol established himself as one of the leading commercial artists in New York. He developed a distinctive style based on simple lines and bold colors. In the 1960s, Warhol began to transfer this style to canvases, revolutionizing pop art. Among his most famous works are the series "Campbell's Soup Cans" and the painting "Marilyn Diptych". In the 1970s, Warhol devoted more and more time to filmmaking and founded the "Factory" studio, where numerous art and culture films were made. Andy Warhol died of heart failure in 1987 at the age of 58.